This design was created to inform about the countries of America that have legally approved abortion without any restriction, as is the case of Canada, most of the states of the United States (including Puerto Rico), Guyana, French Guyana, Cuba and Uruguay. This data was extracted from the World Abortion Laws site of the Center of Reproductive Rights, which have produced the map of world abortion laws since 1998.
Countries where the abortion has been legalized in America. Own source.
The information shows that unlike European countries, most of the Latin American countries impose more restrictions of abortion.
In countries such as Guatemala, Perú, Venezuela, Ecuador or Bolivia abortion is illegal except for some cases, bassically when the pregnancy endangers the life or health of the woman, or in case of rape.
Brazil allows the abortion in cases of rape, risks of death of the woman, anencephaly (brainless fetuses), and in Colombia, if there is danger to the woman, serious malformation of the fetus and in case of rape, incest or artificial insemination not consented.
In Panamá, decriminalization of abortion is only for cases of rape and risk of life for the mother. Paraguay only allows the pregnancy interruption when the life of the woman is in danger. Abortion was also prohibited in Chile from 1989 to 2017, when it was decriminalized in three cases: women’s life risk, fetal infeasibility and rape.
In Argentina, the decriminalization of abortion has provoked a big social and political controversy, the outcome of the debate in the Senate of the country resulted in the disapproval of the legalization of this practice.
Abortion is prohibited in all circumstances in El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras, Surinam, Haiti and Dominican Republic.